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Last Name First Race
Number in House
Value of Livestock
Pounds of Wool
Gleckler Richard W
6
325
None recorded
Reiner Willis W
7
300
"
Clark Alexander B
3
45
"
Henry Robert W
7
215
"
Burdick Spaulding W
2
35
"
Brown Robert? W
10
475
"
Brown Sandy W
5
5
"
Brown Wm W
3
"
Kellum John W
3
320
"
Baker Sylvester W
11
30
"
Arnold Calvin W
6
75
"
Clark Keziah B
4
165
"
McWorter Squire B
8
1000
"
Barr Thomas W
3
225
"
Turpin Josephine B
3
15
"

 

Analysis of New Philadelphia State Census for 1855

Frank McWorter died in 1854, but the town he founded continued to grow. By 1855, New Philadelphia reported 81 individuals living in 15 households, an increase of 23 residents, or 40%, more than the 58 residents reported on the federal census only five years earlier. While the town remained bi-racial, the majority, 63 individuals or 78%, were white; 18 individuals, 22%, were recorded as black. The mulatto racial designation was not noted (State of Illinois 1855 census).

Collectively, the total value of livestock owned by town residents was $3,230 or $215 for each of the 15 households. The amount of livestock owned by each household varied widely. While the Squire McWorter family possessed $1000 worth of livestock, the Sandy Brown family claimed $5 worth; only the William Brown family did not own livestock (State of Illinois 1855 census).

The Illinois state census recorded information for the collective household and named only the head of the house. No information regarding employment or place of birth was reported.

 

New Philadelphia State Census-1855
Total number of households: 15

 

Total number of residents: 81

 

Total value of livestock: $3,230

 

Livestock value per household: $215

 

Racial distribution

 

 

Race Number of Individuals Percent of Population
Black 18 22%
White 63 78%
Total 81 100%

Source:  Illinois State Census 1855

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