References

CENTER HOME
SUDLEY
POST OFFICE

Contents
Figures
Tables
Chapter 1
Chapter 2A
Chapter 2B
Chapter 2C
Chapter 3A
Chapter 3B
Chapter 4A
Chapter 4B
Chapter 5A
Chapter 5B
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
References

VIEWS OF A CHANGING LANDSCAPE

References

Alexandria Gazette
1809 On microfilm located at Prince William Public Library.  13 October 1809:3.
Ballard, David
n.d. Sudley Post Office.  Report on file Manassas National Battlefield Park.
Barnes, Joseph
1865 Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion containing Reports of Medical Directors and other Doctors.
Buni, Andrew
1967 The Negro in Virginia Politics, 1902-1965.  The University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Cabak, Melanie and Mary M. Inkrot
1996 Old Farm, New Farm: An Archaeology of Rural Modernization in the Aiken Plateau,1875-1950.  Savannah River Archaeological Research Papers No. 9  Occasional Papers of the Savannah River Archaeological Research Program, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology.  University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.
Catts, W.P.; Hodny, J.; Guttman, M.; and K. Doms
1994 The Archaeology of Rural Artisans: Final Investigations at the Mermaid Blacksmith and Wheelwright Shop Sites, State Route 7- Limestone Road, New Castle County,Delaware.  Prepared by Center for Archaeological Research, Department of Anthropology, University of Delaware.  Submitted to Delaware Department of Transportation Archaeology Series No.110.
Conner, E.R., III
1975 Water Milling on Catharpin Run, Prince William County, Virginia.  n.p.
Crowson, Elmer T.
1958

Historic Structures Report, William Henry Dogan House, Manassas National Battlefield Park.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, Virginia.

Daniels, Christine
1993 "Wanted: A Blacksmith who understands Plantation Work:" Artisans in Maryland, 1700-1810.  William and Mary Quarterly 50(4):743-767.
Daughters of the American Revolution
1973 Geneological Records, Elizabeth McIntosh Howell Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution.  Manuscript on file, Prince William County Library.
Feinman, Jeffrey
1975 Sears Roebuck and Company Inc 1909 Catalog. Ventura Publishing, New York.
Fletcher, Laura
1936 Letter on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park.
Ferguson, Leland
1992 Uncommon Ground, Archaeology and Early African America. 1650-1800.Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.
Galke, Laura J., ed.
1992 Cultural Resource Survey and Inventory of a War Torn Landscape:  The Stuart's Hill Tract, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia.  Occasional Report No.7  Regional Archaeology Program, National Capital Region, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.
Galke, Laura J.
1992 Brownsville: Archaeological Investigations.  In  Cultural Resource Survey and Inventory  of a War Torn Landscape:  The Stuart's Hill Tract, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia.  Edited by Laura Galke.  pp. 9-40. Occasional Report No.7.  Regional Archaeology Program, National Capital Region, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.
Geier, Clarence R., Jr.
1994 Toward a Social History of the Civil War, The Hatcher-Cheatham Site.  In Look to the Earth: Historical Archaeology and the American Civil War, edited by Clarence R. Geier, Jr. and Susan E. Winter, pp. 191-214.  University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.
Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth
1996 Gender and Jim Crow:  Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Godden, Goeffry A.
1964 Encyclopedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks.  Bonanza Books, New York.
Green, Jack P., ed.
1987 The Diary of Landon Carter of Sabine Hall 1752-1778.  The Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.
Harrison, Fairfax
1987 Landmarks of Old Prince William, A Study of Origins in Northern Virginia.  Vols I and II.  Gateway Press Inc, Baltimore, Maryland.
Hasse, Larry
1984 Watermills in the South: Rural Institutions Working against Modernization.  Agricultural History 58(3):280-295.
Hennessy, John J.
1989 The First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence, July 18-21, 1861.  H.E. Howard, Inc, Lynchburg, Virginia.
1993 Return to Bull Run: Campaign and Battle of Second Manassas.  Simon & Schuster, New York.
Jones, Jacqueline
1985 Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow.  Vintage Books, New York, New York.
Johnson, Elizabeth H.; Conner, E.R; and Mary Harrover Ferguson
1982 History in a Horseshoe Curve: The Story of Sudley Methodist Church and Its Community.  Hagerstown Bookbinding and Printing Co, Inc.,  Hagerstown, Maryland.
Johnston, Angus James, II
1961 Virginia Railroads in the Civil War.  The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
Joseph, Maureen
1996a Cultural Landscape Inventory: Northwest Quadrant.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Denver Service Center, Manassas, Virginia.
1996b Cultural Landscape Inventory: Northeast Quadrant.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Denver Service Center, Manassas, Virginia.
Kulikoff, Allan
1993 Households and Markets: Toward a New Synthesis of American Agrarian History.  William and Mary Quarterly 50(2):342-355.
Lehner, Lois
1988 Lehner=s Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain, and Clay.  Colllector Books, Paducah, Kentucky.
Little, Barbara J.
1995 National Capital Area Archaeological Overview and Survey Plan.  Occasional Report No. 13, Regional Archaeological Program, National Capital Area, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.
Martin, Erika, Mia Parsons, and Paul Shackel
1997 Commemorating a Rural African-American Family at a National Battlefield Park.  International Journal of Historical Archaeology.  Vol 1(2) pp.157-178.
Martin, Erika
In prep. Minimum Vessel Analysis.  In Archaeological Investigations of the Robinson House, Site 44PW288: A Free African-American Domestic Site Occupied from the 1840s to 1936.  Manuscript on file, Department of Anthropology, University of Maryland, College Park.
McCartney, Martha
1992 Historical Background.  In  Cultural Resource Survey and Inventory of a War Torn Landscape:  The Stuart's Hill Tract, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia.  Edited by Laura Galke.  pp. 9-40. Occasional Report No.7.   Regional Archaeology Program, National Capital Region, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.
McDaniel, George W.
1981 Hearth and Home: Preserving a People's Culture.  Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
McGarry, Thomas E. and Charles F. Bohannon
1986 An Archaeological Survey of Selected Portions of Manassas National Battlefield Park, Prince William County, Virginia.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, Virginia.
McGarry, Thomas E.
1987 Manassas Historic Sites Survey.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, Virginia.
Moore, Frank, ed.
1862 The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc.  G.P. Putnam, New York.
Mullin, Gerald W.
1979 Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth-Century Virginia.  Oxford University Press, Oxford, London.
Mullins, Paul Raymond
1996 The Contradictions of Consumption: An Archaeology of African America and Consumer Culture, 1850-1930.  Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
National Park Service
1996 Brochure for Manassas National Battlefield Park.
Netherton, Nan
1978 Fairfax County:A History.  Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, Fairfax, Virginia.
Neville, Ashley, Joseph S. White III and Eric Voigt
1995 Phase I Cultural Resource Investigations of the Manassas Battlefield Park Transmission Line Corridor Relocation Project, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prepared by Gray and Pape Inc, Richmond, Virginia.  Submitted to Virginia Power.
Official Record [OR]
1996 The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.  Series I, Volume II.  Guild Press of Indiana, Carmel, Indiana.
Orser, Charles
1988 The Material Basis of the Postbellum Plantation: Historical Archaeology in the South Carolina Piedmont.  University of Georgia Press, Athens.
Parker, Kathleen A. and Jacquline L. Hernigle
1990 Portici Portrait of a Middling Plantation in Piedmont Virginia.  Occasional Report No. 3.  Regional Archaeology Program, National Park Service, National Capital Region, Washington, D.C.
Parsons, Mia, Erika Martin, Stephen Potter, James Burgess
In prep. Archaeological Investigations of the Robinson House, Site 44PW288: A Free African-American Domestic Site Occupied from the 1840s to 1936.  Manuscript on file, Manassas National Battlefield.
Potter, Stephen R.
1995 Description and Nature of Project Work: Archaeological Identification, Evaluation, and Data Recovery Study, Sudley Post Office, Manassas National Battlefield Park.
Prince William County Deed Book [PWCDB]
1836 Land Records 1835-1843, 28 October:337.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1847 Deed Book #19, 1 June:369.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1859 Deed Book #26, 2 September:343.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1865 Deed Book #26, 25 December:200.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1871 Deed Book #28, 4 January:490.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
Prince William County Historical Commission
1982 Prince William: A Past to Preserve.  The Prince William County Historical Commission.
Prince William County Land Tax [PWCLT]

1867, 1870, 1875, 1900, 1938, 1941Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Virginia.

Prince William County Personal Property [PWCPP]
1846 Personal Property Tax List, 1843-1870.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1852 Personal Property Tax List, 1843-1870.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1855 Personal Property Tax List, 1843-1870.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
1860 Personal Property Tax List, 1843-1870.  Prince William County Library, microfilm.
Prince William County Will Book [PWCWB]
1885 Carson Matthews, Will Book T:540.  Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Virginia.
1903 Elizabeth Matthews, Will Book V:477.  Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Virginia.
Purser, Margaret
1992 Consumption as Communication in Nineteenth-Century Paradise Valley, Nevada.  Historical Archaeology 26(3) pp.105-116.
Railroad Commissioner of the State of Virginia
1888 Eleventh Annual Report of the Railroad Commissioner of the State of Virginia.  J.H. Bannon Superintendent of Public Printing, Richmond, Virginia.
Ratcliffe, R. Jackson
1973 This was Manassas.
Ray, Thomas
1987 William Center: Three Centuries of History.  Manuscript on File at Manassas National Battlefield.
Reeves, Matthew
1995 Phase I Archaeological Investigations of Carrier Circle, PIN 9066.12, Syracuse, New York.  Prepared by Public Archaeology Facilty, Binghamton University.  Submitted to the New York State Department of Transportation, Region 9.
Ryder, Robin L.
1991 Free African-American Archaeology: Interpreting an Antebellum Farmstead.  Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of Anthropology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.
Scheel, Eugene M.
1996 Crossroads and Corners: A Tour of the Villages, Towns and Post Offices of Prince William County, Virginia Past and Present.  Historic Prince William, Inc.
Simmons, Catherine T.
1986 Manassas, Virginia 1873-1973: One Hundred Years of a Virginia Town. R.E.F. Typesetting and Publishing, Manassas, Virginia.
Stevenson, Brenda E.
1996 Life in Black and White, Family and Community in the Slave South.  Oxford University Press, New York, New York.
Stewart-Abernathy, Leslie C.
1986 The Moser Farmstead: Independent But Not Isolated: The Archaeology of a Late  Nineteenth-Century Ozark Farmstead.  Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series No. 26, Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Trowbridge, J.T.
1866 The South: A Tour of its Battle-fields and Ruined Cities, A Journey through the Desolated States and Talks with its People. Stebbins, Hartford, Connecticut.
Turner, Ronald Ray
1993 An Annotated Census for Prince William County, Virginia 1880.  Manassas, Virginia.
United States Bureau of the Census (USBC)
1850a Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1850b Industrial Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1860a Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1860b Industrial Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1870 Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1880 Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1890 Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
1900 Population Schedules, Prince William County, Virginia.  Prince William County Library, Manassas, Virginia.  Microfilm.
Versaggi, Nina M.
1982 Cultural Resource Management Report, Phase I and II I-895, Rhode Island.  Prepared by Public Archaeology Facility, State University of New York, Binghamton.  Submitted to Wilbur Smith and Associates.  Providence, Rhode Island.
Walker, Mark
1996 Consumption and Fantasy: Tenant Farmers and Expanding Markets in Early Twentieth-Century Maryland.  Paper Presented at the 1996 Society for Historical Archaeology, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Wall, Diana diZerega
1994 The Archaeology of Gender, Seperating the Spheres in Urban America.  Plenum Press, New York.
Works Project's Administration
1941

Prince William:  The Story of its People and its Places.  Bethlehem Good Housekeeping Club, Manassas, Virginia.

1940 The Negro in Virginia.  John F. Blair, Publisher Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Zenzen, Joan M.
1995 Battling for Manassas:  The Fifty-Year Preservation Struggle at Manassas National Battlefield Park.  History Associated Incorporated.  Rockville, Maryland.
Ziegenfuss, Stephen
1994 Repairs to Sudley Post Office.  Report on file, Manassas National Battlefield.

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